Start of project: February 2016

End of project: September 2021

Call: PIA – PFPE

CESI Budget: 11.824.729 €

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Project presentation

The project “Développer l’Expertise Future pour l’Industrie et la Construction” (DEFI&Co) aims at moving CESI’s Curricula towards the development of competencies required by the so said “jobs of the future”. Examples of these jobs considered in the project are: jobs related to BIM or to Energy Efficiency for the construction sector; jobs needed by the Industry 4.0 (PLM, manufacturing and maintenance in the digital factory, additive manufacturing…); or jobs applying Data Science and AI in these sectors.

The project develops an industrial research aiming at producing knowledge on these jobs and on the tools used, but also at creating new knowledge around the tools used. This knowledge is then used to create new instrumented-learning-situations allowing to acquire the competencies required by these jobs.

Efficiency of the instrumented-learning-situations is also a research object of the project. Thus, the design of the new courses is doubly fed by the results of research: case studies, projects, learning situations… are designed in order to embed specific research results, and research works in educational sciences (observations, interviews, measures of learning efficiency…) enhance their learning efficiency. 

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Main results

Due to its scale, this project has produced many results, which are presented here in a synthetic way.

APEC studies

APEC has produced many studies on jobs of the future and their related competencies.

  • 2017: BIM, Additive Manufacturing, PLM, Internet of Things, Big Data, Energy Efficiency, a study showing the importance of soft skills, and a synthesis of the main trends.
  • 2018: Industrial Cybersecurity, Cobotics, Virtual Reality / Augmented Reality, Smart Buildings, Digital Simulation, Artificial Intelligence, a survey on the digital transformation seen by companies executives, and a synthesis of the main trends.
  • 2019: A detailed study of 12 emerging jobs.

These studies are accessible on APEC website

PhD Thesis

The project initiated two PhD thesis, one on predictive maintenance in Manufacturing 4.0 (Rouen), the other on energy piloting in smart buildings (Nanterre).

The onsite platforms are the basis of these works.

Research on instrumented-learning-situations

A first work is on learning in a FabLab; a second is on learning situations using Virtual Reality.

The lockdown situation in 2020 aroused a third axe, around the new distance settings of all CESI courses.

Curricula review

In all, the project reviewed 31 curricula leading to a certification.

Among these :

  • The different streams in Engineering were aligned on a 5-year curriculum, and many options for the 5th year were designed.
  • All the “Mastères Spécialisés” were redesigned and aligned on a 3×4-month modular curriculum.
  • All curricula in the field of Industry integrate the Industry 4.0 dimension;
  • All curricula in the field of construction integrate BIM awareness;
  • All curricula in computer sciences integrate data processing awareness.
  • A Data Analyst curriculum has also been created.

Resources produced

Many resources have been produced, starting with new projects for the streams in Engineering, online courses created in partnership with Open Classroom; virtual reality applications, simulation cases studies…

atelier virtuel


A 3-levels certification has been created to certify BIM competencies, and is operational.


Nanterre Smart Building Demonstrator was completed in March 2017, and inaugurated in June.

The Data Centre was operational in 2017, and extended in 2018.

All Lab’CESI acquired the equipment necessary to implement the new training modules (virtual reality headsets, prototyping machines such as 3D printers and laser cutting machines, special equipment required by some projects, etc.).

fablab rouen

A significant contribution of the project is the construction of the new building on Nanterre Campus (Nanterre 2), inaugurated on October 14th, 2019, together with the Metal Additive Manufacturing Platform.

The new building in Rouen and its Industry 4.0 platform are installed since the beginning of 2020.

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REMADNA, M.A. BENATIA, A. LOUIS, C. GOUT, (2018) “A predictive analysis data-based for Additive Manufacturing”, ICMR, SKOVDE, Suede.

REMADNA, M.A. BENATIA, A. LOUIS, C. GOUT, (2018) “Le big data dans l’industrie du futur : état de l’art”, CONFERE, Budapest, Hongrie.

M. MESSADIA, S. OUCHANI, A. LOUIS, (2018) “A Recursive K-means towards trade-off between PLM Competences, Positions, and Offers”, Procedia Computer Science, Volume 134, Pages 297-302.

M. MESSADIA, S. OUCHANI, A. LOUIS, (2018) “PLM Competencies Analysis Based on Industry Demand.” IFIP International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management. Springer, Cham.

BLANDIN B., BADETS A., & SERREAU Y. (2018). Articulation recherche-formation: le cas de la recherche sur les formations d’ingénieurs du CESI. Savoirs, (2), 41-67.

BADETS A., HAVARD V., RICHARD K. & BAUDRY D. (2020) Using collaborative VR technology for Lean Manufacturing Training: a case study, In VRIC 2020 Proceedings, p. 118-127.